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POLICY DOCUMENTS

Energy Transition, Environmental legislation, EU Climate and energy framework

European Green Deal

EGEC views on the EU Critical Raw Materials Act

PUBLISHED: November 24, 2022

EGEC views on the EU Critical Raw Materials Act   EGEC, the voice of the European geothermal industry, is a not-for-profit association representing the entire value-chain of the industry across 28 countries. It is included on the European Transparency Register number: 11458103335-07. Further information can be found at www.egec.org. We welcome the opportunity to respond to the consultation on the EU Critical Raw Materials Act consultation. Our observations and recommendations are:

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

Clean Energy Transition Partnership (CETPartnership) Joint Call 2022 opens for pre-proposal submission

PUBLISHED: September 16, 2022

The Clean Energy Transition Partnership (CETPartnership)  Joint Call 2022 was launched on the 14th September and will remain open to pre-proposals submissions until 23 November 2022, 14:00 CET. It is the first annual co-funded call under the CETPartnership and is co-funded by the European Commission under the Horizon Europe Partnership scheme. The CETPartnership aims to empower the clean energy transition and contribute to the EU’s goal of becoming the first climate-neutral continent by 2050, by pooling national and regional Research, Development, Technology and Innovation (RDTI) funding for a broad variety of technologies and system solutions required to make the transition.

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

The European Parliament validating gas and nuclear energy in the sustainable taxonomy: what about geothermal?

PUBLISHED: July 8, 2022

The European Parliament has voted on 5 July 2022 to consider gas and nuclear energy to be sustainable investments in the Sustainable Finance Taxonomy, provide they comply with a set of criteria. This news brings about negative consequences for the geothermal industry beyond the simple dilution of the principle of “sustainable investments” by allowing a carbon intensive energy source to be eligible. It threatens geothermal project’s capacity to attract sustainable finance. The entire premise of the Sustainable Finance Framework is that there are not enough finance flowing towards geothermal and other renewable energy projects because these projects have a much lower profitability than those for “conventional” energy, especially on the short term. The Sustainable Finance Taxonomy was then designed to answer the need of investors that want to use their funds to support investments that contribute to the energy transition, identifying projects that are clearly consistent with decarbonisation by 2050, including very strict criteria for eligibility for renewable technologies such as geothermal energy. The purpose of an exclusive and science base taxonomy was to allow a sustainable finance industry to consolidate around a rapidly growing number of sustainable assets, whose improved market maturity is notably enabled by the sustainable finance framework that provides cheaper capital costs than conventional private finance. Such a virtuous circle could have been positive for the geothermal industry, which greatly benefits from reductions in cost of capital due to its CAPEX intensive nature. The inclusion of gas and nuclear throws the entire taxonomy out of balance. Gas in particular, which includes natural or “fossil” gas, benefits from a much more permissive eligibility threshold that geothermal for life cycle emissions. Indeed, as a fossil fuel gas would not be eligible if it had to justify a 100gCO2/kWh life cycle emission. This dismantles the internal consistency of the taxonomy which was crucial for its relevance in the eyes of investors, from the European Investment Bank to pension funds. Indeed, even in a framework where investors are required to justify a given share of “sustainable investments” on their balance sheets, they can now decide to include their gas investments, or to undertake new ones. More importantly, the higher profitability of gas projects means that private finance institutions will more easily finance them than geothermal ones when given the choice between the two. The taxonomy also impacts public investments: gas as a sustainable investment in the taxonomy allows public investment banks such as the EIB to provide guarantees to loans to build gas import pipelines or LNG terminals, to the detriment of investments into renewable heating and cooling infrastructure that would enable the deployment of geothermal energy projects throughout the EU. For the geothermal industry, this vote by the European Parliament represents a blow to the perspective of a rapid shift in our capacity to attract greater volumes of private finance. However, it does not change the underlying trends of the energy and financial sector that move towards decarbonisation and more renewable energy. A likely change may be the adoption of a rival taxonomy to the European one by investors and financial actors to evaluate the sustainability of their balance sheet, with the USA and China currently developing such documents. For more information: t.garabetian@egec.org

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

EU Climate and energy framework, European Green Deal, Financing

Sustainable finance

EGEC Factsheet on Sustainable Finance and Geothermal Energy

PUBLISHED: June 8, 2022

download the factsheet

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

Environmental legislation, EU Climate and energy framework, European Green Deal

Energy price crisis, Licensing and EIA, Renewable Energy Directive

EGEC Contribution to the Public consultation on permitting for renewable energy projects and power purchasing agreements

PUBLISHED: April 12, 2022

In a bid to accelerate renewable energy deployment, the European Commission is looking at means to accelerate permitting processes.

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

Geothermal Industry Call for a Geothermal Strategy

PUBLISHED: April 11, 2022

On 11 April 2022, 151 business and industries called on the European Commission to prepare a European strategy to unlock the potential of geothermal energy as well as associated sustainable mineral extraction. Download the full version of the letter

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

EU Climate and energy framework

Energy price crisis, Geothermal electricity, Internal market for heat

GEOSMART Factsheet: geothermal and the energy price crisis

PUBLISHED: April 8, 2022

At the beginning of summer 2021, gas prices started increasing tremendously globally due to a wide array of factors, from an exceptionally cold winter in Europe in 2020, to macroeconomic fallouts of the COVID 19 pandemic, without mentioning geopolitics, to technical issues in infrastructure bottlenecks of the fossil fuel production infrastructure.

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

Energy Transition, Financing, Research, Innovation & Development

2030 targets, Energy infrastructures, Lithium

Industry call to the EU: “We cannot lose the global race for this sustainable local resource”

PUBLISHED: April 5, 2022

The Batteries Strategy cannot be implemented without a sustainable supply of Lithium, with security of supply ‘Made in Europe’.

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

EU Climate and energy framework

Energy price crisis, Recovery Plans

Call for an EU geothermal strategy

PUBLISHED: March 17, 2022

The geothermal sector needs you. It is vital to get the European Commission's regulatory, financial and political support behind the geothermal sector. This will allow it to identify and rectify regulatory and fiscal roadblocks to mass deployment of geothermal energy including sustainable mineral extraction.

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POLICY DOCUMENTS

Energy Transition, European Green Deal

Energy Efficiency, Energy price crisis

EGEC Action Plan: Eight point plan to REpowerEU with Geothermal

PUBLISHED: March 14, 2022

EGEC has published an action Plan for implementing geothermal in Europe and as a support for the European Institutions to implement the REpowerEU and face the energy crises. Eight actions to allow geothermal to REpowerEU. Geothermal heating, cooling and power has already saved 10 bcm of gas and other fossil energy imports from Russia.

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